Saturday, March 14, 2009

Excellence With Substantially Less Money

Spring “Break” Edition

(For previous posts on the funding problem in higher ed, click here, here, and here.)

A bullet was dodged at Queer the Turtle U this week, as the university senate voted overwhelmingly against a post-tenure review proposal that included the threat of salary cuts for faculty who are judged to be performing “substantially below expectations” in two consecutive annual reviews.

You read that right: SALARY CUTS. Were debated on a campus where the merit pool this year is . . . hang on, wait a second, let me check that number for you – oh, right: empty. And where faculty and staff are already in the midst of furloughs undertaken to reduce the university’s current year salary budget by $6.86 million. Which means, for example, that our household, which contains two QTU profs, will lose close to $5000 in income between now and June 30, no matter how far above expectations the moms perform.

(Furloughs are calculated on the basis of compensation. Any employee of QTU, except for grad students, earning more than $30,000 has to take at least one furlough day. Employees earning $90,000 or more take five. Oh, and for faculty, furlough days must be taken on non-teaching days, because, you know, we wouldn’t want the public to get the crazy idea that it takes money to run an institution of higher learning.)

Note to Moose: That trip to Greece you wanted to take to celebrate your upcoming monumental birthday? Forget about it. Stay home this summer. Plant a garden. Type more for me.

Note to Goose: That discipline-shifting digital project you published this year? Good thing you didn’t do it for the money, because you won’t be getting a merit raise for it!

Y’all know the moms are insanely loyal to the institution that employs them. Shoot, if they had any more Terpitude, they’d have shells on their backs. They also have enormous respect for the folks who run the place and share their determination to move QTU forward, despite the challenges posed by the economy. In this instance, though, the moms forcefully – but respectfully, of course – part company with the big men (and women) on campus both on the substance of the proposed post-tenure review policy and on the cruel ineptitude of its timing.

Regarding the substance of the policy, the hard-working profs of Roxie’s World have no problem with the idea of post-tenure review. What they don’t understand is why the Faculty Activity Report they dutifully file every year in connection with departmental merit assessments (conducted, like this year, even when there is no money available for merit raises) does not satisfy the demand for post-tenure review. The merit reviews conducted in the moms’ department take every aspect of a faculty member’s duties – scholarship, teaching, and service – into account. Over time, merit allocations serve very effectively to penalize faculty for under-performing. The moms could point to several examples in their own college of associate professors retiring on salaries lower than those of newly hired assistant professors. (Salary compression is a problem, in part because merit pools have been so small in recent years, but that has nothing to do with merit as a mechanism.)

Now, we might debate whether it makes sense to have colleagues evaluate one another in this fashion, since in most professions performance reviews are conducted by supervisors rather than co-workers. The small world of an academic department likely contains one’s most intimate friends as well as one’s most bitter enemies, so it’s a safe bet that such evaluations are not exactly objective. One hopes that they are fair, but humans being human, well, who knows? Still, that issue was not on the table in the QTU proposal for annual performance reviews, which is scrupulous in deferring to departments to develop their own procedures and conduct reviews of their own faculty, as they have done from time immemorial. Indeed, careful scrutiny of the proposal reveals that the only thing genuinely new about it is the idea of cutting base salaries for deficient performance.

Moose closes her eyes and tries to imagine what a meeting of her department’s salary committee would be like if the committee were obliged to consider cutting colleagues’ salaries in the midst of an economic catastrophe that is already pinching faculty on all sides. Your classes may get bigger, they are told. Your options for publication may get fewer, they well know. The pension fund you were counting on may disappear altogether. And now we’re going to cut your salary because we don’t think you’re doing your job well. But, hey, we’ll assign you a mentor to help you get back on track. We’ll even help you write a development plan – with benchmarks and everything! Oh, wow, thanks.

Between them, the moms have more than forty years of experience in higher education. They are not surprised when students and the general public attack faculty as arrogant and out of touch for fighting to protect tenure or for chafing against a top-down corporate model that is in so many ways inimical to the autonomy necessary for scholarly and creative work. It is discouraging, however, to see their own administrators supporting draconian policies targeted at the chimerical figure of the overpaid, under-productive faculty member. Goose compares that figure to Ronald Reagan’s apocryphal welfare queen, whose mythical laziness and irresponsible fecundity were used to justify the dismantling of federal aid for the economically disadvantaged. Given the amount of time faculty are required to spend on various forms of reporting and assessment nowadays, the assertion that more oversight and accountability are needed is laughable at best, wholly disingenuous at worst. One colleague who called upon the senate to vote down the policy described it as a sledgehammer being used to hit a tack.

“Where is this overpaid, under-productive piece of deadwood?” Moose said to a friend, a high-level administrator on campus who supported the proposed policy. In response, the friend offered not an example but a vague accusation: “You’ve got your head in the sand.”

Really? Moose thought as she headed back to the office to tend to the piles of scut work that mean it’s spring on campus. She didn’t go to the senate meeting because she felt pressure to finish some of that work so she could devote spring “break” to writing the conference paper she’ll be giving next week. She also knew her position would be well represented by senators and colleagues in her department, who had spent the previous weekend marshalling opposition to the proposal. By Thursday evening, the sense of relief on campus was palpable, even if everyone knows the issue isn’t going away. It will be revisited, one hopes with greater compassion and perhaps more honesty about what its objectives truly are.

That the proposal went down is not surprising. That it was entertained at all in the midst of such profound economic anxiety is, we are sorry to say, unconscionable.


  1. Anonymous7:44 PM EDT

    Vitally important post, Rox. I wrote a letter to the student newspaper, the Diamondback, because I was so surprised that their coverage of the issue was so poorly researched. They seem unaware that we already go through post-tenure review. They don't seem to have thought about the fact that if faculty are tied up in reviewing one another over and over and over again, then we'll have less time to spend on our teaching. And I stand by my comparison of the myth of hordes of "nonproductive faculty" being equivalent to the stories about welfare queens driving Cadillacs. Where are these faculty members? How come no one can point to them? "Something's happening here / What it is ain't exactly clear / There's a man with a gun over there / Telling me I got to beware / Stop children, what's that sound / everybody look what's going down. . . ." Yeah Rox, we need clarity, straightforwardness, not more forms to fill out that measure what's already been measured. Something's wrong when reviews are so redundant that they interfere with doing one's job.

    In Solidarity,

  2. People will be created to be those non-existent faculty somehow?

    I pointed out with the mission statements much earlier, how ironic it is to come up with a mechanism to reduce salaries when there still exists no mechanism to make sure salaries are equitable.

    Even if you are regularly productive, money differs from year to year. Salary equity is structurally impossible. Good salaries come from either retention money for people getting offers elsewhere, or from becoming an admistrator at some point.

    Otherwise, no merit formula can produce proper salaries when funds are inconsistent and unreliable. Even at the best of times.

  3. Anonymous1:48 PM EDT

    Roxie, the beatings will continue until morale improves. What part of Excellence without Money do you not understand? The Excellence, or the without Money part?

    As the survivor of my first post-tenure review, I too wonder why we can't just submit the results of the previous 5 years of our annal reviews/salary exercises. But then, state legistlators don't really give a damn about creating yet more unpaid work for college and university faculty and administrators. If we could attach a price tag to this demand, that might reduce the appetite for the generation of more documents.

  4. Indeed, Historiann, but putting a price tag on the demand for so-called accountability exercises would require academics to acknowledge that their time and labor have value, which for some strange reason they seem loath to do. What's up with that?

  5. Anonymous7:58 PM EDT

    I think you're right, although the state lege and the culture at large like to remind us how worthless our work really is. Oh well--"without money," we could always go rogue, quit our jobs, and monetize our blogs, right, Roxie?

  6. Now you're talkin', girlfriend. Think of it -- No more papers to grade (for you and my typist), no more having to restrain ourselves from using the F-bomb in our posts, no more having to answer to the Man for how we spend our time. Let's do it! Terriers are rogue by nature. I'll show y'all how it's done.


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